Assessment of adrenaline-induced DNA damage in whole blood cells with the comet assay

  • Dijana Topalović Department of Physiology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade
  • Dragana Dekanski Biomedical Research, R&D Institute, Galenikaa.d., Belgrade
  • Biljana Spremo-Potparević Department of Physiology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade
  • Ninoslav Djelić Department of Biology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade
  • Vladan Bajić The Laboratory for Radiobiology and Molecular Genetics, Institute for Nuclear Research “Vinča”, University of Belgrade, Belgrade
  • Lada Živković Department of Physiology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade
Keywords: DNA repair, hydrogen peroxide, genotoxicity, quercetin, ROS

Abstract

Harmful effects of elevated levels of catecholamines are mediated by various mechanisms, including gene transcription and formation of oxidation products. The aim of this study was to see whether the molecular mechanisms underlying the damaging action of adrenaline on DNA are mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS). To do that, we exposed human whole blood cells to 10 µmol L-1 adrenaline or 50 µmol L-1 H2O2 (used as positive control) that were separately pre-treated or post-treated with 500 µmol L-1 of quercetin, a scavenger of free radicals. Quercetin significantly reduced DNA damage in both pre- and post-treatment protocols, which suggests that adrenaline mainly acts via the production of ROS. This mechanism is also supported by gradual lowering of adrenaline and H2O2-induced DNA damage 15, 30, 45, and 60 min after treatment. Our results clearly show that DNA repair mechanisms are rather effective against ROS-mediated DNA damage induced by adrenaline.

Published
2018-11-23
How to Cite
1.
Topalović D, Dekanski D, Spremo-Potparević B, Djelić N, Bajić V, Živković L. Assessment of adrenaline-induced DNA damage in whole blood cells with the comet assay. AIHT [Internet]. 23Nov.2018 [cited 16Jan.2019];69(4). Available from: https://arhiv.imi.hr/index.php/arhiv/article/view/974
Section
Original article