The effects of iron oxide nanoparticles on antioxidant capacity and response to oxidative stress in Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus, Peters 1852)

  • Puthan Variyam Vidya University of Calicut, Department of Zoology, Malappuram, Kerala, India
  • Goran Gajski Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Kumari Chidambaran Chitra University of Calicut, Department of Zoology, Malappuram, Kerala, India
Keywords: antioxidant enzymes, bioaccumulation, environmental health, oxidative stress, toxicity

Abstract

Recent research has raised concern about the biocompatibility of iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs), as they have been reported to induce oxidative stress and inflammatory responses, whilst prolonged exposure to high IONP concentrations may lead to cyto-/genotoxicity. Besides, there is concern about its environmental impact. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of IONPs on the antioxidant defence system in freshwater fish Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus, Peters 1852). The fish were exposed to IONP concentration of 15 mg/L over 1, 3, 4, 15, 30, and 60 days and the findings compared to a control, unexposed group. In addition, we followed up the fish for 60 days after exposure had stopped to estimate the stability of oxidative stress induced by IONPs. Exposure affected the activity of antioxidant and marker enzymes and increased the levels of hydrogen peroxide and lipid peroxidation in the gill, liver, and brain tissues of the fish. Even after 60 days of depuration, adverse effects remained, indicating long-term nanotoxicity. Moreover, IONPs accumulated in the gill, liver, and brain tissues. Our findings underscore the potential health risks posed to non-target organisms in the environment, and it is imperative to establish appropriate guidelines for safe handling and disposal of IONPs to protect the aquatic environment.

Published
2024-05-22
How to Cite
1.
Vidya PV, Gajski G, Chitra KC. The effects of iron oxide nanoparticles on antioxidant capacity and response to oxidative stress in Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus, Peters 1852). Arh Hig Rada Toksikol [Internet]. 2024May22 [cited 2024Jul.14];75(2). Available from: https://arhiv.imi.hr/index.php/arhiv/article/view/1690
Section
Original article