Mycotoxicoses in children

  • Maja Peraica Unit of Toxicology, Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health
  • Darko Richter Department of Paediatrics, University Hospital Center Zagreb
  • Dubravka Rašić Unit of Toxicology, Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health
Keywords: 3-NPA, aflatoxins, ergot, fumonisins, ochratoxins, trichothecenes, Ustilago maydis toxins, zearalenone

Abstract

Mycotoxicoses are acute and chronic poisonings caused by mould toxins called mycotoxins. Although acute mycotoxicoses, caused by high mycotoxin levels in food are rare nowadays, they need to be described in order to inform physicians and other health care workers about their symptoms. Children are more sensitive to mycotoxins because of their lower body mass, higher metabolic rate, and underdeveloped organ functions and detoxication mechanisms. Some mycotoxicoses appear only in children, and some are more pronounced in children than in adults. Acute mycotoxicoses in children are reported poorly, mostly because they occur in the tropical regions with poor healthcare coverage. In developed countries healthcare authorities are more concerned about child exposure to low levels of mycotoxins with immunotoxic, genotoxic or carcinogenic properties.
Published
2014-11-28
How to Cite
1.
Peraica M, Richter D, Rašić D. Mycotoxicoses in children. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol [Internet]. 2014Nov.28 [cited 2021Jan.19];65(4). Available from: https://arhiv.imi.hr/index.php/arhiv/article/view/243
Section
Review