Psychometric validity of the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Measure and the Burnout Assessment Tool: a systematic review

  • Yara Shoman University of Lausanne Centre of Primary Care and Public Health (Unisanté), Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Roy Hostettler University of Lausanne Centre of Primary Care and Public Health (Unisanté), Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Irina Guseva Canu University of Lausanne Centre of Primary Care and Public Health (Unisanté), Lausanne, Switzerland
Keywords: BAT, occupational burnout, psychometric properties, patient-reported outcome measures, SMBM

Abstract

In the absence of internationally recognised standardised criteria, several patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) have been developed to measure occupational burnout. The aim of this study was to extend our 2021 review of the psychometric validity of five PROMs to the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Measure (SMBM) and the Burnout Assessment Tool (BAT). To do that we ran a systematic literature search in the MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Embase databases following our previous methodological framework and the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN). We assessed the level of evidence using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) guideline. We identified 694 publications on SMBM and 421 on BAT, but the final review includes eight papers on SMBM and three on BAT. Of the seven psychometric properties assessed for SMBM, content, structural, and criterion validity were rated as insufficient, whereas the quality of evidence for construct and internal consistency was high and moderate, respectively. Of the nine psychometric properties assessed for BAT, content, structural, criterion, and construct validity was moderate and internal consistency was high. One limitation of this study is that we did not assess cross-cultural validity, because the number of studies reviewed is too small and content validity can only be assessed based on the original PROM version rather than translation. To conclude, BAT is superior to SMBM in terms of psychometric validity, but the quality of evidence for some properties is low or very low, suggesting a need for additional validation studies.

Published
2023-11-22
How to Cite
1.
Shoman Y, Hostettler R, Guseva Canu I. Psychometric validity of the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Measure and the Burnout Assessment Tool: a systematic review. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol [Internet]. 2023Nov.22 [cited 2024Feb.25];74(4). Available from: https://arhiv.imi.hr/index.php/arhiv/article/view/1625
Section
Original article