The effects of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances on environmental and human microorganisms and their potential for bioremediation

  • Adenike R. Shittu Bowling Green State University College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Biological Sciences, Bowling Green, OH, USA https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1604-9277
  • Opeoluwa F. Iwaloye Bowling Green State University College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Biological Sciences, Bowling Green, OH, USA
  • Akinloye E. Ojewole Southern Illinois University, Department of Environmental Sciences, Edwardsville, IL, USA
  • Akeem G. Rabiu University of Ibadan, Department of Microbiology, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • Miracle O. Amechi University of Louisville, Department of Chemistry, Louisville, KY, USA
  • Ouambo F. Herve Chantal Biya International Reference Centre, Laboratory of Vaccinology, Yaounde, Cameroon
Keywords: bioremediation, environment, microbiome, PFAS, toxicity

Abstract

Utilised in a variety of consumer products, per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are major environmental contaminants that accumulate in living organisms due to their highly hydrophobic, lipophobic, heat-resistant, and non-biodegradable properties. This review summarizes their effects on microbial populations in soils, aquatic and biogeochemical systems, and the human microbiome. Specific microbes are insensitive to and even thrive with PFAS contamination, such as Escherichia coli and the Proteobacteria in soil and aquatic environments, while some bacterial species, such as Actinobacteria and Chloroflexi, are sensitive and drop in population. Some bacterial species, in turn, have shown success in PFAS bioremediation, such as Acidimicrobium sp. and Pseudomonas parafulva.

Published
2023-08-21
How to Cite
1.
Shittu AR, Iwaloye OF, Ojewole AE, Rabiu AG, Amechi MO, Herve OF. The effects of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances on environmental and human microorganisms and their potential for bioremediation. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol [Internet]. 2023Aug.21 [cited 2024Jul.14];74(3). Available from: https://arhiv.imi.hr/index.php/arhiv/article/view/1558
Section
Review