Toxicity mechanisms of ionic liquids

  • Marina Cvjetko Bubalo University of Zagreb, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology
  • Kristina Radošević University of Zagreb, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology
  • Ivana Radojčić Redovniković University of Zagreb, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology
  • Igor Slivac University of Zagreb, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology
  • Višnja Gaurina Srček University of Zagreb, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology
Keywords: ionic liquids, environment, toxicity, test-systems, green solvents

Abstract

Over the past three decades a growing awareness of environmental protection prompted the development of so-called green and sustainable technologies. Therefore, academic and wider community intensively explores new chemicals and safer, more energy efficient processes based on a rational compromise between economic, social, and environmental requirements. Due to low volatility and stability, ionic liquids emerged as a potential replacement for traditional volatile and harmful organic solvents. Various studies have been carried out to validate the green character of ionic liquids, whereby data published suggest that these compounds, due to their relatively high toxicity and poor biodegradability, could have an extremely negative impact on the environment. This paper presents the current knowledge on the toxicity of ionic liquids, with a special emphasis on the mechanisms by which this group of compounds causes changes in the morphology and physiology of organisms at different organisational levels of the ecosystem.

Published
2017-08-31
How to Cite
1.
Cvjetko Bubalo M, Radošević K, Radojčić Redovniković I, Slivac I, Gaurina Srček V. Toxicity mechanisms of ionic liquids. AIHT [Internet]. 31Aug.2017 [cited 26Sep.2018];68(3). Available from: https://arhiv.imi.hr/index.php/arhiv/article/view/768
Section
Review