Redox and essential metal status in the brain of Wistar rats acutely exposed to a cadmium and lead mixture

  • Dragana Javorac University of Belgrade Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Toxicology "Akademik Danilo Soldatović", Belgrade, Serbia
  • Aleksandra Buha Đorđević University of Belgrade Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Toxicology "Akademik Danilo Soldatović", Belgrade, Serbia
  • Milena Anđelković University of Belgrade Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Toxicology "Akademik Danilo Soldatović", Belgrade, Serbia
  • Simona Tatović University of Belgrade Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Toxicology "Akademik Danilo Soldatović", Belgrade, Serbia
  • Katarina Baralić University of Belgrade Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Toxicology "Akademik Danilo Soldatović", Belgrade, Serbia
  • Evica Antonijević University of Belgrade Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Toxicology "Akademik Danilo Soldatović", Belgrade, Serbia
  • Jelena Kotur-Stevuljević University of Belgrade Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Biochemistry, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Danijela Đukić-Ćosić University of Belgrade Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Toxicology "Akademik Danilo Soldatović", Belgrade, Serbia
  • Biljana Antonijević University of Belgrade Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Toxicology "Akademik Danilo Soldatović", Belgrade, Serbia
  • Zorica Bulat University of Belgrade Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Toxicology "Akademik Danilo Soldatović", Belgrade, Serbia
Keywords: Cd, Cu, Fe, MDA, Mn, neurotoxicity, oxidative stress, Pb, TBARS, Zn

Abstract

Most Pb and Cd neurotoxicity studies investigate exposure to either of the heavy metals alone, while data on co-exposure are scarce. The aim of our study was to fill that gap by investigating acute combined effects of Pb and Cd on redox and essential metal status in the brain of Wistar rat. Animals were randomised in four groups of six to eight rats, which received 15 or 30 mg/kg of Cd, 150 mg/kg of Pb, or 150 mg/kg of Pb + 15 mg/kg of Cd by gavage. The fifth, control, group received distilled water only. Co-treatment with Pb and Cd induced significant increase in malondialdehyde (MDA) and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) compared to control and groups receiving either metal alone. This is of special importance, as MDA presence in the brain has been implicated in many neurodegenerative disorders. The groups did not significantly differ in Zn, Cu, Mn, and Fe brain levels. Our findings highlight the importance of metal mixture studies. Neurotoxicity assessments of single chemicals do not provide a real insight into exposure to mixtures in real life. Further research should look into interactions between these metals to reveal complex molecular mechanisms of their neurotoxicity.

Published
2020-09-14
How to Cite
1.
Javorac D, Buha ĐorđevićA, Anđelković M, Tatović S, Baralić K, Antonijević E, Kotur-StevuljevićJ, Đukić-ĆosićD, Antonijević B, Bulat Z. Redox and essential metal status in the brain of Wistar rats acutely exposed to a cadmium and lead mixture. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol [Internet]. 2020Sep.14 [cited 2020Dec.3];71(3). Available from: https://arhiv.imi.hr/index.php/arhiv/article/view/1283
Section
Original article