Composition, labelling and safety of food supplements based on bee products in the legislative framework of the European Union – Croatian experiences

  • Mario Vujić School of Medicine, University of Rijeka
  • Lea Pollak Croatian Institute of Public Health
Keywords: approved health claims, bee products, food supplements, health safety, HACCP, labelling, legislation, nutrivigilance

Abstract

The European Union market is overflown by food supplements and an increasing number of consumers prefer those where bee products play an important part in their composition. This paper deals with complex European Union legislation concerning food supplements based on bee products, placing a special emphasis on their composition, labelling, and safety. Correct labelling of food supplements also represents a great challenge since, in spite of legal regulations in force, there are still open issues regarding the statements on the amount of propolis, which is not clearly defined by the legal framework. One of the key issues are the labels containing health claims from the EU positive list approved by the European Food Safety Agency. Emphasis will also be placed on informing consumers about food, as statements which imply the healing properties of food supplements and their capacity to cure diseases are forbidden. One of the key elements of product safety is HACCP based on the EU Regulations EC 178/02 and 852/2004. Health safety analyses of food supplements with bee products used as raw materials, which are standardised by legal regulations will also be discussed. In the future, attention should also be paid to establishing the European Union ''nutrivigilance'' system. Croatian experiences in addressing challenges faced by producers, supervisory entities, and regulatory and inspection bodies may serve as an example to countries aspiring to become part of the large European family.
Published
2015-12-01
How to Cite
1.
Vujić M, Pollak L. Composition, labelling and safety of food supplements based on bee products in the legislative framework of the European Union – Croatian experiences. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol [Internet]. 2015Dec.1 [cited 2021Jan.19];66(4). Available from: https://arhiv.imi.hr/index.php/arhiv/article/view/372
Section
Review