Burnout syndrome among preschool teachers in Serbia

  • Pavle Piperac University of Belgrade, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Humanities
  • Zorica Terzic-Supic University of Belgrade, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Social Medicine, Dr Subotica 15, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
  • Aleksandra Maksimovic Faculty of Science, University of Kragujevac, Radoja Domanovića 12, 34000 Kragujevac, Serbia
  • Jovana Todorovic University of Belgrade, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Social Medicine, Dr Subotica 15, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
  • Svetlana Karic Department of Studies for Preschool and Nursery Teachers, Academy of Professional Studies, Dobropoljska 5, 15000 Sabac, Serbia
  • Ivan Soldatovic University of Belgrade, Faculty of Medicine, Institute for Medical Statistics and Informatics, Dr Subotica 15, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
  • Smiljana Cvjetkovic University of Belgrade, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Humanities, Pasterova 2, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
  • Vida Jeremic-Stojkovic University of Belgrade, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Humanities, Pasterova 2, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
  • Simona Petricevic University Hospital Medical Center Bezanijska Kosa, Dr Zorza Matea 66, 11080 Belgrade, Serbia
Keywords: Beck Depression Inventory, Copenhagen Burnout Inventory, demographics, kindergarten, lifestyle, mental health, Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale

Abstract

Pedagogical work, especially with preschool children, is one of the most stressful professions, and the incidence of stress-related illnesses among preschool teachers is higher than in the general population. The aim of this cross-sectional study, conducted between October 2018 and April 2019, was to examine the prevalence of the burnout syndrome in a representative sample of 482 preschool teachers in Serbia and the factors associated with it. For this purpose, the participants completed a questionnaire composed of six sections: the socio-demographic and socio-economic characteristics, health and lifestyle characteristics, workplace and employment characteristics; Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI); Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS). The frequency of the total burnout was 27.1 %. The frequency of burnout on the CBI was 25.4 % for personal burnout, 27.0 % for work-related burnout, and 23.4 % for client-related burnout. Multivariate logistic regression analysis with total burnout as an outcome variable showed that being single (OR: 0.18; 95 % CI: 0.05–0.58), having poor (OR: 6.05; 95 % CI: 1.05–34.91), or average (OR: 3.60; 95 % CI: 1.57–8.25) self-rated health, not having didactic/play tools (OR: 2.71; 95 % CI: 1.21–6.04), having a higher score on the BDI (OR: 1.19; 95 % CI: 1.09–1.29) or SAS (OR: 1.10; 95 % CI: 1.03–1.18) was significantly associated with the total burnout among our participants. Our study shows the worryingly high prevalence of the burnout syndrome among preschool teachers in Serbia and points to its association with mental health issues, depression, and anxiety.

Published
2024-06-10
How to Cite
1.
Piperac P, Terzic-Supic Z, Maksimovic A, Todorovic J, Karic S, Soldatovic I, Cvjetkovic S, Jeremic-Stojkovic V, Petricevic S. Burnout syndrome among preschool teachers in Serbia. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol [Internet]. 2024Jun.10 [cited 2024Jul.14];75(2). Available from: https://arhiv.imi.hr/index.php/arhiv/article/view/1688
Section
Original article